Distribution Vector

Cryptography Probability

A vector with non-negative components (representing specific probabilities) which add up to one e.g. \begin{equation} (P(x_{0}), P(x_{1}),…,P(x_{n})) \end{equation} Also known as: Stochastic Vector

Uniform Distribution

Math Probability Cryptography

\begin{equation} x \in U:P(x) = \frac{1}{|U|} \end{equation} Where \(|U|\) is the size of the universe (set). In Probability Theory, a uniform distribution assigns an equal probability to each element of a given set.